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Did you know that women make up 2/3 of those living with blindness or visual impairment?
Fortunately, women can take certain steps to maintain eye health, including…

1. Have Regular Eye Exams

A study by PBA (Vision Problems in the US) in 2013 found that more women than men have age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. According to the National Eye Institute, the primary causes for this finding is due to longevity as well as hormonal factors.

Autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis affect women three times more than men. This higher prevalence is partly attributable to the X chromosome, which has many genes relating to the immune system. Issues with vision are one of the serious side effects arising from these conditions. Since women tend to look after the well-being of their family, to their own detriment, women tend to be more susceptible to overlooking their own health, including their vision.

Therefore to help protect your long-term visual health, it is important that you have a comprehensive eye exam at least every couple of years, especially after the age of 40. Additionally, women over the age of 60 should plan on more frequent visits with one of our ophthalmologists. When detected early on, most eye diseases can be treated or significantly slowed.

2. Seek Effective Treatment for Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome can result in decreased vision, as well as irritation, redness, and pain. Due to hormonal balance changes, women have a higher prevalence of this condition. In particular, due to hormonal changes and a decreased production in tear fluid, Dry Eye Syndrome is most prevalent in menopausal and postmenopausal women. Additionally, women who are pregnant or on certain types of birth control can experience Dry Eye Syndrome as well.

If you are searching for effective relief from dry and uncomfortable eyes, our leading-edge Dry Eye treatment at Oasis Spa might be just what you are looking for! Come in for an assessment at Oasis Dry Eye Spa to receive a full clinical evaluation of the likely cause of your Dry Eye and be provided with a tailored treatment plan.

Throughout your tailored treatment plan, you will have access to proven, state-of-the-art dry eye technology including LipiFlow and Lumenis Optima IPL and your treatment will be delivered by our expertly trained team. Our aspiration is to give you long term relief and comfort to provide you with the freedom to enjoy life without the discomfort caused by Dry Eye Syndrome.

3. Healthy Lifestyle Habits

  • Healthy Balanced Diet: Lifelong good nutrition is a key influencer of good health including your vision. All healthy diets should include ample amounts of fresh, colourful fruit and vegetables. In particular, choose dark green or brightly coloured fruit and vegetables to obtain the most antioxidants, which protect your eyes by reducing damage related to oxidizing agents (free radicals) that can cause age-related eye diseases.
  • Quit Smoking: Apart from reducing your risk of a whole host of diseases such as cancer and respiratory issues, smoking is the most important modifiable risk factor for AMD development and progression.
  • Exercise Regularly: Frequent exercise is essential in maintaining a healthy body mass index (BMI), which helps prevent cardiovascular disease and diabetes, but it is also important for keeping your eyes healthy. Over the last decade, several studies have found a connection between sedentary lifestyle and an increased risk of glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration.

Just like other parts of your body like your heart, brain and lungs, your eyes are affected by how you take care of your body. Therefore, alongside having a healthy balanced diet, regular exercise can help fight against eye conditions linked to obesity and being out of shape.

4. Controlling Blood Sugar Levels (Especially During Pregnancy)

Good blood glucose control reduces the risks of complications developing for the mother and baby. Therefore, expectant women with diabetes should see their eye doctor during pregnancy also due to their increased risk of developing diabetic retinopathy.

Poor control of blood sugar levels and elevated blood pressure levels can increase your risk of blindness resulting from cataracts or diabetic retinopathy. Aim to keep your blood pressure and blood sugar levels within a normal range by keeping tabs of your health numbers and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

5. Protect Your Eyes From Injuries

If your work or hobbies (contact sports, gardening) involves a high risk of eye injury, be sure to wear the correct eyewear to protect your eyes from potential injuries or infections.

6. Shield Your Eyes From the Sun's Damaging UV rays

Wearing sunglasses with UV protection can slow the development of cataracts and protect against other types of sun damage (photokeratitis, or sunburned eyes, for example).

The best way to protect your eyes from ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure is to wear sunglasses with 100% protection against UVA and UVB rays. Also, make sure you find a wrap-around style of sunglasses that gives you maximum coverage so that the sun’s rays can’t enter from the side.

7. Use Contact Lenses Safely

Eye infections related to improper contact lens wear and care are serious and can lead to long-lasting damage, but they are often preventable by following these steps:

  • Only wear prescription contact lenses from an eye care specialist.
  • Make sure contact lenses and lens storage cases are cleaned and disinfected regularly, according to your eye doctor’s instructions.
  • Don’t place contact lenses in your mouth or use your saliva to wet them.
  • Replace contact lenses regularly, according to your eye doctor’s directions.
  • Don’t wear your contact lenses overnight.
  • Don’t wear your contact lenses in the shower or while swimming.
  • Don’t reuse the contact lens solution or “top up” old solution in your contact lens case. Instead, discard old solution and replace it with fresh solution
  • Replace your contact lens case every two to three months.

8. Know Your Family History

For many reasons, knowing your family history often proves helpful. This is definitely true with regard to eye health since many eye diseases are hereditary. By knowing what conditions your ancestors have had, you can notify your eye care professional of what those conditions are and, in some cases, do things to prevent or lessen the effect of those conditions you may be genetically predisposed to.

9. Use Cosmetics Safely

  • Since infection-causing bacteria grow easily in creamy or liquid eye makeup and on makeup brushes, wash your make up brushes regularly and throw away eye makeup after three months.
  • Never share eye makeup, and only use fresh applicators and samples when sampling makeup in stores that have not been contaminated by multiple users.
  • Never separate your mascara-clumped lashes with sharp items! Use an eyelash comb instead.
  • If you tend to have dry eyes, avoid metallic/glitter, powder or other makeup that flakes. Flakes can get into the tear film causing eye irritation and/or corneal infection, especially in contact lens users.
  • Remove all eye makeup at night before sleeping, especially mascara and eyeliner that can stick to the lashes and block the meibomian glands.
  • To reduce the risk of eye injuries caused by sharp mascara wands and eyeliner pencils, do not apply cosmetics while doing other activities (especially driving!)

Book an Appointment

The purpose of this month is to get women to at least for a little while focus on themselves to protect their long-term vision health. Therefore in honour of Women’s Eye Health and Safety Month, we suggest you schedule your annual eye exam with us today! Our wonderful team are committed to helping women (and men) of all ages maintain optimum eye health.

To book an appointment with one of our highly experienced and knowledgeable ophthalmologists for a comprehensive eye exam, call 0800 255 393. Additionally, if you suffer from chronic dry eyes, you can book your introductory assessment with our Dry Eye specialist team by emailing to

We look forward to welcoming you!

Eye Health Tips Eye Health Tips Tuesday, 2 Apr 2019

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